This site is for the breeders of Croad Langshans in Australia.

We try to build a network of breeders to exchange information and genetics.


Langshan Ji (狼山鸡): Origin China

The origin of the breed we call Croad Langshan goes back to times immemorial.

Langshan (Wolf Hills) with the Guangjiao Temple, Nantong in the foreground and the Yang-tse river on the right. (unknown artist)


According to Chinese websites [1] [2] [3] it was the local breed of the Rudong and Nantong area on the northern bank of the great Yangtze River, about 100km from Shanghai.

Nantong District, China
Yang-tse River delta and Nantong district (see 20km scale bottom left)

The breed was originally called "Big Chicken Cha" [岔河大鸡] or "Black Chicken Matang"[马塘黑鸡], after two towns in the Rudong area, Chahe and Matang.

Today it is referred to as Langshan Ji [狼山鸡].

Distribution of Langshan Ji


Besides Chahe and Matang Juegangzhen,  Bingchazhen, Fenglizhen, Shuangdianzhen, Shiganagzhen, Tonzhu District and Nantong are mentioned as having Langshans; an area of roughly 40 x 60 km.

Ch'i Pai-shih: Farm yard, ca 1930
National Gallery Prague

This region with its humid subtropical climate, well-drained, fertile soils and irrigation channels has long been densely populated with small family farms growing corn, barley, rice, supplemented with fish and shellfish. Recent excavations show that it has been settled at least 8000 years ago.

Chickens have always been common on these farms, foraging in the fields and along the irrigation channels. Every family bred their own and little exchange between farms took place.

There seem have been many different strains with heavier birds centred around Chahe and Matang (cock 4.5-5kg, hen 3-3.5kg) and a smaller strain around Bingchazhen (cock 3-3.5kg , hen 2kg).

unknown artist

By far the most common colour is black, but there are some white, and more rarely, buff birds. A variety of comb types and different degrees of foot feathering are mentioned.

As in other countries modern times have seen a decline in original local breeds.
One source [4] states their number as 5000 for the year 2002.

And a website which no longer exists [5] said (2005):

Today with the introduction of overseas species, Lang Shan Ji is decreasing in numbers and only 2000-3000 exist.


More Information:

  • [1] China Academy of Agricultural Sciences Beijing Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Information Center, Beijing, China. (This link no longer works)
  • [2] GLULU Halal Food Culture, Address: Ningxia, Yinchuan 750001 Tel: 13519209235 13430211135 E-mail: (This link no longer works)
  • [3] Baidu Encyclopaedia (
  • [4] Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
  • [5] “Name that chicken” in Beijing Today, February 11, 2005 By Zhao Hongyi

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